Local people have always interacted with nature drawing from and managing biodiversity resources and ecosystems to support their livelihoods. The many years of interaction led to an accumulation of traditional knowledge which over time was integrated into their cultures with some being beneficial for conservation. However, the traditional knowledge, values, and cultural practices have not been recognized and integrated into policies, laws biodiversity management programs. This target seeks to bridge this gap.
National Target 17: By 2020, values of traditional knowledge, cultural heritage and practices of local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and their customary use of biological resources, are respected, subject to national legislation and international obligations, and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention with the full and effective participation of local communities, at all relevant levels.