Climate change has been identified as being a factor that can adversely affect biodiversity, livelihoods, and provision of ecosystem goods and services such as water; and the overall development of a Country. Rwanda is already experiencing the effects of climate change which are expected to be more severe in the future; and especially if the loss of forests continues. Since the 1960s, land-use changes have been rapid and extensive due to anthropogenic pressures especially conversion to agriculture (NBSAP, 2016). This target seeks to enhance ecosystem resilience as well as the carbon sequestration potential of Rwanda through enhanced protection of natural ecosystems, afforestation, and reforestation of degraded lands among others. Implementation of the proposed measures also responds to the Country’s obligations to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
National Target 14: By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced through increase of forest cover up to 30 percent of the Country and restoration of other ecosystems thereby contributing to Climate Change adaptation and mitigation.